Category: Lists

List of “The Nobel Prize in Chemistry” Winners

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

2015 – Tomas Lindahl

2015 – Paul L. Modrich

2015 – Aziz Sancar

2014 – Eric Betzig

2014 – Stefan Hell

2014 – William Moerner

2013 – Martin Karplus

2013 – Michael Levitt

2013 – Arieh Warshel

2012 – Brian K. Kobilka

2012 – Robert J. Lefkowitz

2011 – Dan Shechtman

2010 – Richard F. Heck

2010 – Ei-ichi Negishi

2010 – Akira Suzuki

2009 – Venkatraman Ramakrishnan

2009 – Thomas A. Steitz

2009 – Ada E. Yonath

2008 – Osamu Shimomura

2008 – Martin Chalfie

2008 – Roger Y. Tsien

2007 – Gerhard Ertl

2006 – Roger D. Kornberg

2005 – Yves Chauvin

2005 – Robert H. Grubbs

2005 – Richard R. Schrock

2004 – Aaron Ciechanover

2004 – Avram Hershko

2004 – Irwin Rose

2003 – Peter Agre

2003 – Roderick MacKinnon

2002 – John B. Fenn

2002 – Koichi Tanaka

2002 – Kurt Wüthrich

2001 – William S. Knowles

2001 – Ryoji Noyori

2001 – K. Barry Sharpless

2000 – Alan J. Heeger

2000 – Alan G. MacDiarmid

2000 – Hideki Shirakawa

1999 – Ahmed H. Zewail

1998 – Walter Kohn

1998 – John A. Pople

1997 – Paul D. Boyer

1997 – John E. Walker

1997 – Jens C. Skou

1996 – Robert F. Curl Jr.

1996 – Sir Harold W. Kroto

1996 – Richard E. Smalley

1995 – Paul J. Crutzen

1995 – Mario J. Molina

1995 – F. Sherwood Rowland

1994 – George A. Olah

1993 – Kary B. Mullis

1993 – Michael Smith

1992 – Rudolph A. Marcus

1991 – Richard R. Ernst

1990 – Elias James Corey

1989 – Sidney Altman

1989 – Thomas R. Cech

1988 – Johann Deisenhofer

1988 – Robert Huber

1988 – Hartmut Michel

1987 – Donald J. Cram

1987 – Jean-Marie Lehn

1987 – Charles J. Pedersen

1986 – Dudley R. Herschbach

1986 – Yuan T. Lee

1986 – John C. Polanyi

1985 – Herbert A. Hauptman

1985 – Jerome Karle

1984 – Robert Bruce Merrifield

1983 – Henry Taube

1982 – Aaron Klug

1981 – Kenichi Fukui

1981 – Roald Hoffmann

1980 – Paul Berg

1980 – Walter Gilbert

1980 – Frederick Sanger

1979 – Herbert C. Brown

1979 – Georg Wittig

1978 – Peter D. Mitchell

1977 – Ilya Prigogine

1976 – William N. Lipscomb

1975 – John Warcup Cornforth

1975 – Vladimir Prelog

1974 – Paul J. Flory

1973 – Ernst Otto Fischer

1973 – Geoffrey Wilkinson

1972 – Christian B. Anfinsen

1972 – Stanford Moore

1972 – William H. Stein

1971 – Gerhard Herzberg

1970 – Luis F. Leloir

1969 – Derek H. R. Barton

1969 – Odd Hassel

1968 – Lars Onsager

1967 – Manfred Eigen

1967 – Ronald George Wreyford Norrish

1967 – George Porter

1966 – Robert S. Mulliken

1965 – Robert Burns Woodward

1964 – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin

1963 – Karl Ziegler

1963 – Giulio Natta

1962 – Max Ferdinand Perutz

1962 – John Cowdery Kendrew

1961 – Melvin Calvin

1960 – Willard Frank Libby

1959 – Jaroslav Heyrovsky

1958 – Frederick Sanger

1957 – Lord (Alexander R.) Todd

1956 – Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood

1956 – Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov

1955 – Vincent du Vigneaud

1954 – Linus Carl Pauling

1953 – Hermann Staudinger

1952 – Archer John Porter Martin

1952 – Richard Laurence Millington Synge

1951 – Edwin Mattison McMillan

1951 – Glenn Theodore Seaborg

1950 – Otto Paul Hermann Diels

1950 – Kurt Alder

1949 – William Francis Giauque

1948 – Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius

1947 – Sir Robert Robinson

1946 – James Batcheller Sumner

1946 – John Howard Northrop

1946 – Wendell Meredith Stanley

1945 – Artturi Ilmari Virtanen

1944 – Otto Hahn

1943 – George de Hevesy

1942 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1941 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1940 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1939 – Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt

1939 – Leopold Ruzicka

1938 – Richard Kuhn

1937 – Walter Norman Haworth

1937 – Paul Karrer

1936 – Petrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus Debye

1935 – Frédéric Joliot

1935 – Irène Joliot-Curie

1934 – Harold Clayton Urey

1933 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1932 – Irving Langmuir

1931 – Carl Bosch

1931 – Friedrich Bergius

1930 – Hans Fischer

1929 – Arthur Harden

1929 – Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin

1928 – Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus

1927 – Heinrich Otto Wieland

1926 – The (Theodor) Svedberg

1925 – Richard Adolf Zsigmondy

1924 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1923 – Fritz Pregl

1922 – Francis William Aston

1921 – Frederick Soddy

1920 – Walther Hermann Nernst

1919 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1918 – Fritz Haber

1917 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1916 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1915 – Richard Martin Willstätter

1914 – Theodore William Richards

1913 – Alfred Werner

1912 – Victor Grignard

1912 – Paul Sabatier

1911 – Marie Curie, née Sklodowska

1910 – Otto Wallach

1909 – Wilhelm Ostwald

1908 – Ernest Rutherford

1907 – Eduard Buchner

1906 – Henri Moissan

1905 – Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

1904 – Sir William Ramsay

1903 – Svante August Arrhenius

1902 – Hermann Emil Fischer

1901 – Jacobus Henricus van ‘t Hoff

Source: http://nobelprize.org

Originally posted 2017-02-24 22:36:40.

List of APEC Member Economies

APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation) has 21 members. The word ‘economies’ is used to describe APEC members because the APEC cooperative process is predominantly concerned with trade and economic issues, with members engaging with one another as economic entities.

1 Australia

2 Brunei

3 Canada

4 Chile

5 China

6 Hong Kong*

7 Indonesia

8 Japan

9 South Korea

10 Malaysia

11 Mexico

12 New Zealand

13 Papua New Guinea

14 Peru

15 Philippines

16 Russia

17 Singapore

18 Taiwan

19 Thailand

20 United States of America

21 Vietnam

* Not a country, part of China.

Originally posted 2017-02-24 22:35:42.

List of “The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine” Winners

Nobel Prize medal

Front side (obverse) of one of the Nobel Prize medals in Physiology or Medicine awarded in 1950 to researchers at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet.

2017 – Jeffrey C. Hall

2017 – Michael Rosbash

2017 – Michael W. Young

2016 – Yoshinori Ohsumi

2015 – William C. Campbell

2015 – Satoshi ?mura

2015 – Tu Youyou

2014 – John O’Keefe

2014 – May-Britt Moser

2014 – Edvard Moser

2013 – James E. Rothman

2013 – Randy W. Schekman

2013 – Thomas C. Südhof

2012 – John B. Gurdon

2012 – Shinya Yamanaka

2011 – Bruce Beutler

2011 – Jules A. Hoffmann

2011 – Ralph M. Steinman

2010 – Robert G. Edwards

2009 – Elizabeth H. Blackburn

2009 – Carol W. Greider

2009 – Jack W. Szostak

2008 – Harald zur Hausen

2008 – Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

2008 – Luc Montagnier

2007 – Mario R. Capecchi

2007 – Sir Martin J. Evans

2007 – Oliver Smithies

2006 – Andrew Z. Fire

2006 – Craig C. Mello

2005 – Barry J. Marshall

2005 – J. Robin Warren

2004 – Richard Axel

2004 – Linda B. Buck

2003 – Paul C. Lauterbur

2003 – Sir Peter Mansfield

2002 – Sydney Brenner

2002 – H. Robert Horvitz

2002 – John E. Sulston

2001 – Leland H. Hartwell

2001 – Tim Hunt

2001 – Sir Paul M. Nurse

2000 – Arvid Carlsson

2000 – Paul Greengard

2000 – Eric R. Kandel

1999 – Günter Blobel

1998 – Robert F. Furchgott

1998 – Louis J. Ignarro

1998 – Ferid Murad

1997 – Stanley B. Prusiner

1996 – Peter C. Doherty

1996 – Rolf M. Zinkernagel

1995 – Edward B. Lewis

1995 – Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard

1995 – Eric F. Wieschaus

1994 – Alfred G. Gilman

1994 – Martin Rodbell

1993 – Richard J. Roberts

1993 – Phillip A. Sharp

1992 – Edmond H. Fischer

1992 – Edwin G. Krebs

1991 – Erwin Neher

1991 – Bert Sakmann

1990 – Joseph E. Murray

1990 – E. Donnall Thomas

1989 – J. Michael Bishop

1989 – Harold E. Varmus

1988 – Sir James W. Black

1988 – Gertrude B. Elion

1988 – George H. Hitchings

1987 – Susumu Tonegawa

1986 – Stanley Cohen

1986 – Rita Levi-Montalcini

1985 – Michael S. Brown

1985 – Joseph L. Goldstein

1984 – Niels K. Jerne

1984 – Georges J.F. Köhler

1984 – César Milstein

1983 – Barbara McClintock

1982 – Sune K. Bergström

1982 – Bengt I. Samuelsson

1982 – John R. Vane

1981 – Roger W. Sperry

1981 – David H. Hubel

1981 – Torsten N. Wiesel

1980 – Baruj Benacerraf

1980 – Jean Dausset

1980 – George D. Snell

1979 – Allan M. Cormack

1979 – Godfrey N. Hounsfield

1978 – Werner Arber

1978 – Daniel Nathans

1978 – Hamilton O. Smith

1977 – Roger Guillemin

1977 – Andrew V. Schally

1977 – Rosalyn Yalow

1976 – Baruch S. Blumberg

1976 – D. Carleton Gajdusek

1975 – David Baltimore

1975 – Renato Dulbecco

1975 – Howard Martin Temin

1974 – Albert Claude

1974 – Christian de Duve

1974 – George E. Palade

1973 – Karl von Frisch

1973 – Konrad Lorenz

1973 – Nikolaas Tinbergen

1972 – Gerald M. Edelman

1972 – Rodney R. Porter

1971 – Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.

1970 – Sir Bernard Katz

1970 – Ulf von Euler

1970 – Julius Axelrod

1969 – Max Delbrück

1969 – Alfred D. Hershey

1969 – Salvador E. Luria

1968 – Robert W. Holley

1968 – Har Gobind Khorana

1968 – Marshall W. Nirenberg

1967 – Ragnar Granit

1967 – Haldan Keffer Hartline

1967 – George Wald

1966 – Peyton Rous

1966 – Charles Brenton Huggins

1965 – François Jacob

1965 – André Lwoff

1965 – Jacques Monod

1964 – Konrad Bloch

1964 – Feodor Lynen

1963 – Sir John Carew Eccles

1963 – Alan Lloyd Hodgkin

1963 – Andrew Fielding Huxley

1962 – Francis Harry Compton Crick

1962 – James Dewey Watson

1962 – Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins

1961 – Georg von Békésy

1960 – Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet

1960 – Peter Brian Medawar

1959 – Severo Ochoa

1959 – Arthur Kornberg

1958 – George Wells Beadle

1958 – Edward Lawrie Tatum

1958 – Joshua Lederberg

1957 – Daniel Bovet

1956 – André Frédéric Cournand

1956 – Werner Forssmann

1956 – Dickinson W. Richards

1955 – Axel Hugo Theodor Theorell

1954 – John Franklin Enders

1954 – Thomas Huckle Weller

1954 – Frederick Chapman Robbins

1953 – Hans Adolf Krebs

1953 – Fritz Albert Lipmann

1952 – Selman Abraham Waksman

1951 – Max Theiler

1950 – Edward Calvin Kendall

1950 – Tadeus Reichstein

1950 – Philip Showalter Hench

1949 – Walter Rudolf Hess

1949 – Antonio Caetano de Abreu Freire Egas Moniz

1948 – Paul Hermann Müller

1947 – Carl Ferdinand Cori

1947 – Gerty Theresa Cori, née Radnitz

1947 – Bernardo Alberto Houssay

1946 – Hermann Joseph Muller

1945 – Sir Alexander Fleming

1945 – Ernst Boris Chain

1945 – Sir Howard Walter Florey

1944 – Joseph Erlanger

1944 – Herbert Spencer Gasser

1943 – Henrik Carl Peter Dam

1943 – Edward Adelbert Doisy

1942 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1941 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1940 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was with 1/3 allocated to the Main Fund and with 2/3 to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1939 – Gerhard Domagk

1938 – Corneille Jean François Heymans

1937 – Albert von Szent-Györgyi Nagyrápolt

1936 – Sir Henry Hallett Dale

1936 – Otto Loewi

1935 – Hans Spemann

1934 – George Hoyt Whipple

1934 – George Richards Minot

1934 – William Parry Murphy

1933 – Thomas Hunt Morgan

1932 – Sir Charles Scott Sherrington

1932 – Edgar Douglas Adrian

1931 – Otto Heinrich Warburg

1930 – Karl Landsteiner

1929 – Christiaan Eijkman

1929 – Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins

1928 – Charles Jules Henri Nicolle

1927 – Julius Wagner-Jauregg

1926 – Johannes Andreas Grib Fibiger

1925 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1924 – Willem Einthoven

1923 – Frederick Grant Banting

1923 – John James Rickard Macleod

1922 – Archibald Vivian Hill

1922 – Otto Fritz Meyerhof

1921 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1920 – Schack August Steenberg Krogh

1919 – Jules Bordet

1918 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1917 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1916 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1915 – No Nobel Prize was awarded this year. The prize money was allocated to the Special Fund of this prize section.

1914 – Robert Bárány

1913 – Charles Robert Richet

1912 – Alexis Carrel

1911 – Allvar Gullstrand

1910 – Albrecht Kossel

1909 – Emil Theodor Kocher

1908 – Ilya Ilyich Mechnikov

1908 – Paul Ehrlich

1907 – Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran

1906 – Camillo Golgi

1906 – Santiago Ramón y Cajal

1905 – Robert Koch

1904 – Ivan Petrovich Pavlov

1903 – Niels Ryberg Finsen

1902 – Ronald Ross

1901 – Emil Adolf von Behring

Source: http://nobelprize.org

Originally posted 2017-02-24 22:32:18.