(Nicholas II is referred by his baptismal name for the times before he became pope.)

1. Where was Gerard de Bourgogne born?

2. Where was Gerard de Bourgogne canon?

3. Of which diocese was Gerard de Bourgogne bishop?

4. What name was taken by John Mincius, the antipope elected by two cardinals?

5. Where was Nicholas II elected pope?

6. When was Nicholas II enthroned pope?

7. Whom did Nicholas II invest as duke of Apulia, Calabria and Sicily?

8. Where did Patarine movement create a crisis?

9. When did Nicholas II die?

10. Where did Nicholas II die?