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List of Bharat Ratna Award Recipients


English: The Bharat Rathna Medal given to

The Bharat Rathna Medal given to (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

‘Bharat Ratna’, the highest civilian award of India, was instituted in the year 1954.

Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for these awards.

It is awarded for exceptional service towards advancement of Art, Literature and Science, and in recognition of public service of the highest order.

The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister himself to the President. No formal recommendations for this are necessary.

The number of annual awards is restricted to a maximum of three in a particular year.

Gandhi and Vinoba Bhave

Gandhi and Vinoba Bhave (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

On conferment of the award, the recipient receives a Sanad (certificate) signed by the President and a medallion.

The award does not carry any monetary grant.

In terms of Article 18 (1) of the Constitution, the award cannot be used as a prefix or suffix to the recipient’s name. However, should an award winner consider it necessary, he/she may use the following expression in their bio-data/letterhead/visiting card etc. to indicate that he/she is a recipient of the award: –

‘Awarded Bharat Ratna by the President’
‘Recipient of Bharat Ratna award’

List of Bharat Ratna Awardees

Cropped version of File:Gandhi and Abdul Ghaff...

Cropped version of File:Gandhi and Abdul Ghaffar Khan during prayer.jpg. Plus, I increased the brightness and contrast a bit. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

  1. Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan (1954)
  2. Dr. Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman (1954)
  3. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1954)
  4. Dr. Mokshagundam Vivesvaraya (1955)
  5. Jawaharlal Nehru (1955)
  6. Dr. Bhagwan Das (1955)
  7. Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant (1957)
  8. Dr. Dhonde Keshav Karve (1958)
  9. Purushottam Das Tandon (1961)
  10. Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy (1961)
  11. Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1962)
  12. Dr. Zakir Hussain (1963)
  13. Dr. Pandurang Vaman Kane (1963)
  14. Lal Bahadur Shastri (1966)
  15. Mrs. Indira Gandhi (1971)
  16. Varahagiri Venkata Giri (1975)
  17. Kumaraswamy Kamraj (1976)
  18. Mother Teresa (Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu) (1980)
  19. Acharya Vinoba Bhave (1983)
  20. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan (1987)
  21. Marudur Gopalan Ramachandran (1988)
  22. Dr. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (1990)
  23. Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedakr (1990)
  24. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (1991)
  25. Rajiv Gandhi (1991)
  26. Morarji Ranchhodji Desai (1991)
  27. Satyajit Ray (1992)
  28. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (1992)
  29. Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata (1992)
  30. Gulzari Lal Nanda (1997)
  31. Mrs. Aruna Asaf Ali (1997)
  32. Dr. Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam (1997)
  33. Mrs. Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi (1998)
  34. Chidambaram Subramaniam (1998)
  35. Pandit Ravi Shankar (1999)
  36. Loknayak Jayprakash Narayan (1999)
  37. Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi (1999)
  38. Prof. Amartya Sen (1999)
  39. Ustad Bismillah Khan (2001)
  40. Kumari Lata Dinanath Mangeshkar (2001)
  41. Pandit Bhimsen Joshi (2008)
  42. Prof. Chintamani Nagesha Ramachandra Rao (2013)
  43. Sachin Tendulkar (2013)
  44. Madan Mohan Malaviya (2014)
  45. Atal Bihari Vajpayee (2014)
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Updated: February 24, 2017 — 10:31 pm

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Vincent Augustine D'Souza

Author, Blogger and Quizmaster.


Add a Comment
  1. I really liked your blog post, I certainly think its essential to keep one self upto date with as much of information as possible, Thanks keep this blog updated, I am coming back for more.

  2. Pls Update your Bharat Ratna Awardees List

  3. please give playback singer mohammed rafi bharat ratna 2010

  4. please you must recommand Sir Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar for BHARAT RATNA

  5. Mr Tendulker is great citizen of India he should must get BHARAT RATNA

  6. Please give most deserved candidate for Bharat ratna to Sachin Tendulkar.

  7. it’s nice Information about the winners of the BHARAT RATNA AWARD

  8. Why Bharat Ratna is not awarded to Mahatma Gandhi?

  9. Will Sachin Tendulkar and A. R. Rahman get the next Bharat Ratna? India should award Bharat Ratna Award on regular basis. (Every Year).

  10. krishnakant khadke

    sachin must recieve bharat ratna

  11. Give it to Sachin or me

  12. Gandhi was not given Nobal peace prize!!!! Significant missing name is Mahatma Gandhi. Bharat Ratna must be exceptional. From the list very few like Sardar, Mother Terresa, Indira Gandhi really deserve.

  13. please give Bharat Ratna award to the senior citizens of our country


  15. Rajkumar meet madhav jha

    Sachin tendulkar is a owner of this award.

  16. in my view first we have to give bharat ratna to mahatma gandhi and correct our mistake, now todays time only one name is comming to my mind is sachin tendulkar. he is the most deserving candidate to date.

    1. It would be an insult to give Gandhi a Bharat Ratan posthomously as he was beyond this title. Had he been alive and offered such title he would rejected it. Of course, Nobel Prize would have been an appropriate award for him and he was nominated five times, but there is too much politic in it due to American dominance,

  17. Bharat Ratna Award-2010-

    must be given to Sachin Tendulkar only.

  18. Next bharat ratan award goes to Mr. ANIL KAPOOR. He is real hero, Mr. India.

  19. Bikash Bhattacharjya

    Next Bhatat Ratna Award Must Be Given To Dr. Bhupen Hajarika

  20. sachin tendulkar is the internationals pride.so he must be awarded by bharat ratna.

  21. Md. Rafi is a fantastic singer,he should be given a chance to be india’s pride ,The Bharat Ratna.

  22. please consider the life time achievment of individual not some period of time….. already padmashree award has lost its shine… lets hope it doesnt happen with oter prestegious awards….

  23. update your website as soon as possible

    very poor work


    Sachin Tendulkar is deserving for Bharat Ratna and he must get Bharat Ratna.

  25. if lata, then why not rafi. Rafi is far better than lata. is it necessary that to recieve award person should alive.

  26. “If cricket is the religion, Sachin Tendulkar is the only God..” Please award the precious prize BHARATHA RATHNA to our nations proud dynamic personality Sachin Tendulkar.

  27. In this time no one is applicable for BHARAT RATNA
    AWARD… But if its possible then SACHIN no other..@mit

  28. Mohammed Rafi is far better than lata one mentioned above. I think you do not hail from india or you are unaware of lata. But one thing is sure that sachin must get this award and pls do not joke to include anil kapoor name.

  29. i hope Dr. Abdul kalam really deserves most prestigious award Bharat ratna

  30. Please award the precious prize BHARATHA RATHNA to our nations proud dynamic personality Sachin Tendulkar.

  31. i hope Dr. Abdul kalam really deserves most prestigious award Bharat ratna

    Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam has received the Bharat Ratna in the year 1997. Check the list again.


  33. sachin tendulkar ko bhart ratna milna hi chaiye wo hamare bharat ka sabse anmon ratan hai

  34. sachin tendulkar ko bharat ratna milna hi chahiye wo hamare bharat ke sabse anmol ratan hai

  35. Next Bharat Ratna for Sachin Tendulkar? He deserves it!

  36. sachin tendulkar is the another broad man. he made many world unbeaten records. i pray sachin name must be placed in the next list.

  37. It’s a nice list but I have small doubt, please clarify that one.
    Why “BHARAT RATNA” is awarded to our jatipita Mahatma Gandhi?

  38. I’m sorry.
    It’s a nice list but I have small doubt, please clarify that one.
    Why BHARAT RATNA is not awarded to our jatipita Mahatma Gandhi?

  39. Vincent Augustine D'Souza

    I’m sorry.
    It’s a nice list but I have small doubt, please clarify that one.
    Why BHARAT RATNA is not awarded to our jatipita Mahatma Gandhi?

    Bharata Ratna, instituted in 1954, was meant for living persons. Mahatma Gandhi died in 1948. So he did not get Bharata Ratna. The practice of giving Bharata Ratna to persons dead many years back developed later, in 1990.

  40. Legendary playback singer Md Rafi should get Bharat Ratna this year.In fact he should have recieved it a long time back.

  41. Sachin Tendulkar deserves to get Bharat Ratna please consider regarding it.
    Thank You.

  42. None other than Rafi for this year.

  43. Sachin Or K.J .Yesudas considered as the Bharath Ratna.Beacuse they were legends

    1. Yesudas really deserves Bharat Ratna. Is there any musician who has excelled in both Film playback singing and Classical music? Is there any other singer who has got National awards 7 times(even not Lata mangeshkar who has been awarded Bharat Ratna)? Is there any other singer who has got state awards from multiple states(Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal and Hindi film music)? He has truly represented India in all musical endeavours and unlike many other musicians who have performed in one style of music only, Yesudas has brought carnatic music to common man through his singing them in films. Yesudas would have got more recognition if he were a north indian or Bollywood singer or a hindustani vocalist. It is unfortunate that this extraordinary singer is not recognized properly. Is high time that we recognize his talents and reward him properly.

      1. YES. I too agree.

        1. Yes, i truly beleive that Yesudas sir should be awarded the prestigious Bharat Ratna award.
          Infact if there is a singer who truly deserves it then Yesudas will top the charts.
          He has recorded more than 50,000 songs in many languages including Malayalam, Tamil, Hindi, Kannada, Telugu, Bengali, Gujarati, Oriya, Marathi, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tulu, Malay, Russian, Arabic, Latin and English during a career spanning 5 decades and still going stronger.
          National Award for the Best Male Playback Singer – 7 times, the most by any Indian singer.
          The State Award for the Best Playback Singer – 41 times by the Governments of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and West Bengal. [man, can u beleive it!!!!]
          D.litt by 3 major universities.
          Padmashri and Padmabhushan winner.

  44. i Think in future noble awarded Dr.Ramakrishnan wil be grabing this awarde.

  45. on what basis do you award bhart ratna??

  46. please give give bharat ratna to rafi saahab also. though he is no more, still he really deserves it. this is also the way of paying tribute to a best singer ever. he has sung many songs which is almost impossible to sing by others such as o duniya ke rakhwale and many more. being a muslim, he has sung many hindu bhajans with deep feelings. if lataji can get this award then rafi saahab should also get.. he is far better than lataji.. rafi saahab is also famous globally as his name had been published in guinees book of record for singing maximum no of songs. so please… please…. please…. give this award to rafi saahab as well as sachin tendulkar also. i would be grateful if this happens…

  47. Please! don’t hurry to give sachin a Bharat Ratna as going by his recent form we ought to have a even higher award till his retirement….

  48. why started the bharat ratna & who person sagest about bharat ratna.

  49. Congratulation to bharat ratna Bhimsen Joshi. He is deserves Bharat Ratna b’cos he is ‘Bhishma’ of Indian Classical music

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